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Delimited Object References

Historically a delimited object reference was known as a 'DOR' but now we simply say an object reference, or when the object type is known a SCALAR reference, LIST reference, etc….

In EASA a delimited object reference allows an object on the Tree to be used:

  1. Within a parameter value for another object
  2. As a variable in an expression in an object parameter → see Expressions
  3. As an output value from an EASAP to be injected into a text file input for a PROCESS
  4. Following a PROCESS submission, to import output values from a text file into an EASAP

For 1. and 2. above where a parameter value accepts a combination of literal text, operators and object references the name of the object must have a special character directly before and after the name, by default in EASA we use → % or the percent-sign.

For 3. and 4. the same applies except the delimited object name is entered within the Template Editor, again the default delimiter is % or the percent-sign.

For example:

  • %objectname1%

Typically, once the Builder recognizes the above format the color of the text will change according to the type of objectname

  • A SCALAR reference will turn blue
    • %objectname1%objectname1
  • A LIST reference will turn green
    • %objectname1%objectname1

Additionally, in the EASA Help Pages, an object name, either with or without delimiters, is written in boldface.

An object reference may be used in various locations within the Builder for example in:

  • The Choices: parameter of a CHOICE LIST
  • Many parameters of Child objects under a DATA PROCESSING
  • The Points: parameter in a Child to a DIAGRAM
  • A template file for a batch file input or output
  • Many parameters of many objects within the OUTPUT or USER INTERFACE branch.

To view values of all objects available to use as object references,

  • Go to:
    • EASA→Authoring→Testing

Inline Units in a SCALAR Reference

An inline unit may be displayed within the delimiters for an object reference → see Inline Units in Expressions

By default, if no units are specified within the object reference the object value will be in base units.

An 'inline unit' is a unit name in brackets immediately following the object name.

For example:

  • %object1 [ft]%

For the above syntax object1 to be evaluated in 'feet', instead of the base unit of 'meters' (or [m]).

The text abbreviation used to inline a unit must be an existing unit name defined either in Default: or User Units: for the dimensional group associated with the object-type being referenced.


Inline Number Format in an SCALAR Reference

In addition to units, the format of an SCALAR number may be specified inline for a delimited SCALAR reference.

The following formats are supported:

  • Integer
  • Real
  • Exponential
  • Mixed

The format of a number is important for an input file when a batch software application process requires a specific number format.

An inline number format may include an inline units as well; number format specifier must follow the unit specifier.

The four number format specifiers as as follows:

  • Integer → ad
    • Where
      • a is the total number of digits
      • d is a literal 'd'
  • Real → a.bf
    • Where
      • a is the total number of characters including digits, decimal point and +/- signs
      • . is a literal '.'
      • b is the number of digits after decimal point
      • f is a literal 'f'
  • Exponential → a.be
    • Where
      • a is total number of characters including digits, decimal point, E character and +/- signs
      • . is a literal '.'
      • b is the number of digits after decimal point
      • e is a literal 'e'
  • Mixed → a.bg
    • Where
      • a is total number of characters including digits, decimal point, E character and +/- signs
      • . is a literal '.'
      • b is the number of digits after decimal point
      • g is a literal 'g'
        • → Mixed defaults to a Real, but will switch to an Exponential if the number is too large/small for a Real to be valid.

Examples of inline number formatting within a delimited object reference are as follows:

  • %object1 [ft] 9.3f%
  • %object1 5d%
  • %object1 12.4e%
  • %object1 12.4g%

Notice the use of inline units in the first example.


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